Thịnh Hành 7/2024 # Gia Đình Phật Tử Việt Nam Tại Úc Đại Lợi # Top 8 Yêu Thích

Dùng thìa lớn múc sữa chua vào cốc, nếu không có cốc thủy tinh bạn có thể dùng cốc nhựa để làm sữa chua.

Để từng lọ thủy tinh vào nồi nước nóng đã đun, đậy nắp lọ thủy tinh lại. Nước ủ không nên ngập mặt lọ, chỉ tới 2/3 cổ lọ là được, nếu ngập mặt sẽ làm nước tràn vào lọ, sữa không đông lại được.

Phía bên trên nồi đậy một cái khăn rồi đậy kín nắp để nơi thoáng qua đêm hoặc từ 8 đến 10 tiếng đồng hồ là có thể dùng được. Nếu thời tiết quá lạnh bạn ủ lần thứ nhất tầm 4 tiếng sau rồi đặt nồi ủ lại lên bếp, bật bếp lên đun nồi ủ tầm từ 3 – 4 phút để nồi nóng lại thêm một lần nữa, tắt bếp; ủ tiếp từ 4 – 5 tiếng hoặc ủ qua đêm. Cách ủ 2 lần như vậy sẽ làm sữa chua mau đặc lại. Nếu thời tiết nắng nóng thì không cần ủ 2 lần, vì thời tiết nóng sữa chua rất mau đặc và chua.

Hôm sau lấy sữa chua ra cất vào tủ lạnh, sữa chua đặc lại và rất ngon.

Khi dùng hết bạn nên để dành lại 1 lọ sữa chua đã làm để làm sữa chua cái cho lần sau khỏi phải mua sữa chua cái nữa.

Fun with Condensed Milk: Vietnamese Yogurt Recipe

A national food magazine recently contacted me asking about Vietnamese yogurt. Was it something from the French? How do Vietnamese people eat it? How is Vietnamese yogurt made? My mom used to make yogurt when we lived in Vietnam decades ago. It was the best, delicately tangy-sweet and creamy. When we arrived in America in the mid 1970s, I was astounded by the cloying fruit-at-the-bottom type of yogurt that was popular then. Plain yogurt at that time was the polar opposite – so sour it made me pucker and I didn’t touch it after the first try. Years later, French-style Yoplait got me eating yogurt again, but it gradually became sweeter over time and I gave it up.

It wasn’t until I went to China in 1992 that I tasted the yogurt of my childhood again. It was on a cold winter morning in the city of Kunming and purchased from a vendor who bicycled through town with a rack of warm yogurt to sell to passersby. The yogurt was made in tiny glass jars and my traveling companions and I sipped it from equally tiny straws, emptying out each jar before handing it back to the vendor, who then moved down the street to his next sale. The magazine’s inquiry spurred me to research and figure out how to make Vietnamese-style yogurt to capture the taste from my youth.

Ways Viet cooks make yogurtIn Vietnamese, yogurt is called sữa chua (“su-aw chu-ah” means sour milk) or da ua (“yah u-ah” is a transliteration of the French yaourt). It is indeed a vestige of the French presence in Vietnam, and there are two basic ways that cooks in Vietnam make yogurt:

(1) Fresh milk method: Mix fresh milk with sugar and a bit of yogurt, then incubate the mixture until it thickened into yogurt. (2) Condensed milk method: Dilute sweetened condensed milk with water, mix it with yogurt, then incubate the mixture.

The fresh milk method is pretty much in line with traditional western approaches to homemade yogurt. Note that the already made yogurt acts as a starter by introducing a bunch of live, active cultures to the mix.

I’m partial to the condensed milk approach as it highlights the resourcefulness of Vietnamese cooks. For one, you don’t have to worry about getting super fresh milk, which is hard to obtain in tropical Vietnam. Secondly, many cooks use the condensed milk can as their measuring cup to develop a consistent ratio of milk to water to yogurt; measuring cups and spoons are virtually nonexistent in Vietnam. Thirdly, the result is a lilting sweet, delicate yogurt that’s texturally light. You can eat Vietnamese yogurt morning, noon, and night as a snack or dessert. It’s healthy too.

When traveling in Vietnam, you’ll notice that there’s often yogurt offered at the hotel breakfast buffet. Enjoy some, along with a bowl of pho noodle soup! Vietnamese delis and bakeries abroad often sell yogurt in plastic lidded cups in their refrigerator cases. Compared to commercial yogurt in the West, the Vietnamese variety is thinner but certainly not lacking in nuanced flavor.

Do you need yogurt making equipment?Nope. I’ve been toying with this homemade Vietnamese yogurt recipe for a week, and it’s so easy and foolproof that I can hardly stand it.

With regard to incubating the yogurt, that’s nothing more than putting it in a hot water bath. When I asked my mom if ever used one of those electric yogurt makers, she laughed and said, “What is that?” She used to set the yogurt and its hot water bath outside in the hot Saigon sun to facilitate incubation! In my kitchen, I found that using a lidded pot works just fine, and that 6 hours is what I needed for the yogurt to develop a slight tang. As the hot water cools, the yogurt thickens. It’s as simple as that. No special equipment needed and I have the yogurt of my dreams.

RECIPE

For the yogurt, choose between full-fat, low-fat, or non-fat. The more fat there is, the creamier the result. While you can use as much or as little yogurt starter as you’d like, I found that when using non-fat yogurt, a full can’s worth seems to work better.

When developing this recipe, I used the Longevity (“Old Man”) brand of sweetened condensed milk often used for Vietnamese coffee, Trader Joe’s organic lowfat yogurt, and Whole Foods organic non-fat yogurt. The Old Man brand (like Borden’s) is full-fat and rich tasting and the organic yogurt is full of active, live cultures. The recipe below is akin to what people in Vietnam would do. For a creamier denser result, use 1/2 can less hot water, or substitute milk for the room-temperature water as some Vietnamese-American cooks do.

If you’d like to measure the ingredients the western way, a 14-ounce can of condensed milk holds 1 1/3 chúng tôi means you use between 2/3 and 1 1/3 cups of yogurt for the starter.

Makes about 6 cups

1 (14-ounce) can sweetened condensed milk2 cans hot water (boil in a saucepan, let cool for 15 minutes to about 140F, then measure)1 cans room temperature water1/2 to 1 can plain yogurt, organic kind preferred

1. Bring a kettle of water to a boil, then lower the heat to keep it warm until you need it for the water bath.

2. Whisk the condensed milk, hot water, and room temperature water together in a bowl. It should be lukewarm. Then whisk in the yogurt. Strain it through a mesh strainer to ensure that it is uniformly smooth.

3. Using a ladle or measuring cup, pour the yogurt into clean glass jars, glasses, or plastic containers. Cover with lids, aluminum foil, or a double layer of plastic wrap.

4. Put the yogurt containers in a pot tall enough to for there to be about 1 inch clearance from the top of the yogurt containers and the rim of the pot. Return the kettle of water to a boil, turn off the heat and wait for the bubbling action to subside before pouring it into the pot for the water bath.

Add enough of the just-boiled water to come slightly above the yogurt line of your containers. Cover the pot and set aside at room temperature for about 5 hours. The yogurt should thicken and sour during this time. Open up a container to see. If you want it more tart, leave the yogurt in the hot water bath for a few more hours. I typically incubate for 6 hours. Note the condensation that gathers:

5. When satisfied, remove the yoghurt from the pot, wipe each one dry, and chill if not eating right away. If you like, pour out the whey liquid that separates from the yogurt before eating. Enjoy as is or with fresh fruit, such as berries or sliced banana or peaches. Keeps well for 1 week.

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